Newsletter November 2016
MARKET NOTES - ELECTION DAY TRIVIA
During the mid 1800’s, the United States was mostly an agricultural society whose citizens were farmers and field workers. Since the country was very much a religious nation, voting day was established in the middle of the week, allowing citizens time to travel to and from polling places without interfering with Sunday religious services. Ample time was needed to travel because horse and buggy was the only form of travel.
Since farmers had such an influence over society and lawmakers, November was designated as the most convenient month for farmers and rural workers to travel to the polls. The fall harvest was over and throughout most of the nation the weather was still mild enough to allow travel over dirt and makeshift roads.
The right to vote wasn’t extended to all citizens for decades. In 1870, the 15thAmendment removed the restriction of race and color from voting. Women gained the right to cast ballots in 1920 with the ratification of the 19th Amendment. For decades, the minimum age to vote was 21, until the 26th Amendment took effect in 1971 granting voting rights to 18 year olds.
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Sources: U.S. National Archives